Who can become a citizen of the Republic of Belarus

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Who can become a citizen of the Republic of Belarus

 

Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus shall be acquired: 

-          by birth within the country;

-          by naturalization; 

-          by registration; 

-          in view of other reasons provided by the law.

Acquisition of Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus by birth

A child shall be a citizen of the Republic of Belarus by birth if by the time of the child's birthday: 

- at least one of the parents is a citizen of the Republic of Belarus regardless of the place of the child’s birth; 

- parents (or a single parent) of a child who permanently reside in the Republic of Belarus are stateless, and the child is born in the territory of the Republic of Belarus; 

- parents (or a single parent) of a child who permanently reside in the Republic of Belarus are foreigners, and the child is born in the Republic of Belarus but the state of the parents’ citizenship does not give its citizenship to the child. 

The child living in the Republic of Belarus without parents being known acquires the citizenship of the Republic of Belarus.

Admission Requirements for Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus

Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus may be granted to any person at the age of 18 of older if such a person:

- assumes the obligation to follow and respect the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Belarus;

- knows one of the official languages of the Republic of Belarus on the level sufficient for communication;

- has permanently resided in the territory of the Republic of Belarus for the last 7 years after being granted a permanent residence permit. The period of residence is considered to be permanent if the person leaves the Republic of Belarus for not longer than three months during each year;

- has a legal source of livelihood; 

- does not have any citizenship, or loses the foreign citizenship when acquiring the citizenship of the Republic of Belarus, or the person has applied to foreign authorities for the cancellation of the foreign citizenship currently being in force with an exception of the cases when the foreign citizenship cannot be canceled due to some reasons beyond the person’s control.

People who are declared refugees under a statutory procedure of the Republic of Belarus, can acquire the Belarusian citizenship seven years after being declared refugees and observing conditions described in the second, third, fifth and sixth paragraphs of the first part of this article.

The seven-year term of permanent residence can be reduced or not be used at all for:

- Belarusians and people identifying themselves as Belarusians, their descendants (lineal relatives: children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren) born outside the present-day borders of the Republic of Belarus; 

- people who have great achievements in relation to the Republic of Belarus, who have high achievements in science, technology, culture and sports, or have a profession or qualification that the Republic of Belarus is interested in;

- people with a foreign citizenship or without any citizenship who were citizens of the Republic of Belarus in the past.

The conferment of the citizenship of the Republic of Belarus is carried out taking into account the interests of the Republic of Belarus.

Acquisition of Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus by registration

The citizenship of the Republic of Belarus may be granted to any person at the age of 18 years or older, who held USSR citizenship and did not have citizenship of the Republic of Belarus by registration if such a person:

- was born or was permanently residing within the borders of the Republic of Belarus up to November 12, 1991;

- is a husband (or a wife) of a person who acquires citizenship of the Republic of Belarus  by registration;

- is a descendant of those who acquire, acquired or could acquire a citizenship by registration.

Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus without observing the conditions above can be acquired by registration by following groups of people:

- children permanently residing  in the Republic of Belarus – according to a joint application of the parents, one of whom is a citizen of the Republic of Belarus, or according to an application of one parent who is a citizen of the Republic of Belarus if the location of the other parent is unknown, or according to an application of a single parent being a citizen of the Republic of Belarus;

- children residing within the borders of the Republic of Belarus whose only known parent or both parents are dead or deprived of parental rights, and in cases when parents refused to bring up a child or agreed to a child’s adoption; if parents were declared legally incapable, missing or dead and if they are incapacitated persons who are under a guardianship or trusteeship – by application of the trustee, with the guardianship and wardship authority’s approval.