Revival of traditional weaving in Belarus’ Lida

Revival of traditional weaving in Belarus’ Lida

Traditional white-patterned weaving will receive the status of intangible cultural heritage of Belarus - it is being revived in Lida.

The record of this kind of crafts in the state register of historical and cultural values was approved by the Belarusian Ministry of Culture.

Valentina Silvanovich, master of the Lida district center of culture and folk art:
If you made a mistake - you should back up the board, push the same leggings and do everything in reverse order.

Galina Buro, CTV Channel:
Does that mean that you should do it all over again?
Valentina Silvanovich:
Yes, all should be returned back to the moment when the mistake was made.

Valentina Silvanovich mastered the complex ancient craft only three years ago. She is a seamstress by training, and one of the few people who can weave snow-white rushnik (embroidered towel) with ten varieties of authentic patterns.

Valentina Silvanovich:
When I was a child, my aunt put krosno (loom) at home, then women gathered and weaved there.

Now she can manage 100-year-old krosno. About 10 years ago it was only a museum exhibit. Then one enthusiast (doctor from Lida) decided to share weaving skills that he got from his grandmother.

Evgeny Markevich, citizen of Lida:
Rushniks hung on the icons of my grandmother from the Novogrudok district. I asked who did it and how. She said that she got the rushniks after the wedding of her eldest son.

Complex structure of the canvas, small pattern, knitted edges and always white trim color. Such rushniks, tablecloths and blankets of the finest canvas adorned the houses of the citizens of the Grodno region in the XIX and XX century.

Marina Savitskaya, junior researcher of the Lida district center of culture and folk art:

Before the beginning of the XX century linen threads were used, later cotton and. Our grandmothers called synthetics silk, they didn’t know the difference.

It will take an experienced master a few hours to produce one meter of canvas, but it will take two days to prepare the krosno.

Galina Buro:
To weave correctly, we should not only understand how the pattern is formed, but also to rearrange in time the elements of the krosno. Previously, as a rule, two masters wove at once at one krosno.

They wove all the clothes for a family. For example, such suits in cold dark colors were worn only in the west of Belarus. There are corsages, hoop skirts, caps and headscarf of interesting shape on the head. The collective of the Lida district center of culture became the laureate of the special award of the President of Belarus to the cultural and art figures for this collection.

Белоузорчатое ткачество. Репортаж СТВ о возрождении традиционного ремесла в Лиде