How information technologies make life in Belarus easier

How information technologies make life in Belarus easier

In Soviet times, there was no concept of "digital economy". Today it is a fast-growing world, an addition and, in a sense, a competitor to the traditional economy.

Today tech guys can bury the "analog" economy. Look why money bags of previous generations swelled! That was coal, steel, oil, gas... Today, capitals flow into virtual space. Even the first Belarusian billionaire appeared thanks to a computer game.

IT sector in Belarus is developing rapidly. So, it is necessary to promote this. As far as we know, the Decree on Digital Economy is being prepared in Belarus.

MORE: Draft decree on Belarus' Hi-Tech Park 2.0 in detail

Nina Kuzmitskaya, retired:
The digital economy means for me to pay through the Internet. I also pay via the Internet for utilities. It's very convenient: you do not have to go to the post office or to Sberbank. I open the computer and that's it!

Electronic payments are available to people of all ages in Belarus, including in all school cafeteria.

What do you buy for electronic money?

Ksenia Bondarenko, a 5th grade student:
For example, lunch in the dining room.

The girl received this card in the first grade. The e-card records everything: what book she took in the library, what was for lunch and when she left the school building.

Olga Korshun:
To make purchases now it is not necessary to have even a purse. You can pay using a smartphone. Now we will try to do this. We put the phone, which works like a bank card, to the device. And voila! We have managed to buy what we wanted to. Now you can pay not only with the phone, but also with fitness bracelets, smart clocks and other gadgets.

The main task of digital economy is to collect information, digitize it and efficiently exchange these data. Even your refrigerator will work according to this scheme: which will send an inquiry to the local store that you have run out of milk. The goods will be delivered already for breakfast. The exchange of information opens up new ways in all areas. For example, in logistics.

Dmitry Shedko, First Deputy Minister of Communications and Informatization of the Republic of Belarus:
Today we are talking about digital transport corridors, when information moves in parallel with the goods, when all processes are translated into the electronic form, when the movement of goods due to this accelerates. In fact, all participants in this process get additional benefits - higher speed of delivery, higher accuracy of the documents. Accordingly, the goods quicker reach their destination, thereby increasing the commercial result for enterprises that are interested in this chain.

Already now customs gives green light to high technologies, the use of which will increase real incomes in the budget. A firm submits the declaration in advance. It's now the system, not man, who checks the documents, and if everything is in order, the truck will hold at the customs office no more than 15 minutes.

Aygun Aliyeva, Senior Inspector of the Department of Customs Operations and Control No. 1 of the Minsk Regional Customs:
The financial and time costs for business entities are reduced, as well as the exclusion of the human factor in making decisions on the release of goods, reduced timing of the release of goods, which in turn facilitates the activities of participants in external economic activity.

In Belarus, information and communication technologies are developing dynamically. In the spring of 2017, the President announced a course toward the IT country. In the future Belarus can become, figuratively speaking, "Slavonic Hong Kong". The Ministry of Economy believes that in 2018 the IT sector will be among the leaders of the Belarusian economy.

Yury Chebotar, Deputy Minister of Economy of the Republic of Belarus:
The task, of course, is the implementation of all these technologies, first of all, in our main sectors - classic industry and industry 4.0, which is now spoken about all over the world, and in banking.

The growth rate that we planned - 103.5% GDP for 2018, will largely be due to our measures to digitize the economy.

Konstantin keeps almost all of his savings in crypto-currencies. He sells the 3-room apartment in the historical center of Minsk for Bitcoins.

Konstantin Kostyuchenko, entrepreneur:
At the moment, it costs 10-13 bitcoins. No one has offered me Bitcoins yet.

The cost of Bitcoins grows literally like yeast. Experts say that the scope of technology is very broad: from finance to so-called smart contracts, which, perhaps, will appear in the future.

Denis Aleinikov, head of a law firm:
To date, the global technological trend - blockchain - offers new legal tools for contracting. They are called "smart contracts". This is when all the terms of the contract are spelled out in a computer program on the following terms: if this is done, it will be this way. For example, if the product is delivered, then the "smart contract", like a computer program, automatically produces a transaction without the participation of a person.