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Belarus’ flax-growing industry to be modernized

The earning capacity is not worse than the oil manufacturing industry. Alexander Lukashenko gave indications to increase the efficiency of the flax-growing industry.

This field used to be experimental not so long ago, now it is holding the leading positions. Not only agrarians but scientists as well are watching the flax growth here. If the technologies are followed, this crop demonstrates results at the level of European countries. The President said that there are reserves for increasing the efficiency of this sector. And by tradition he showed how they used to harvest flax manually.

The experimental field in the Orsha district is under special control of scientists. The Belarusian variety “Grant” is a real pride of agrarians.


Ivan Golub, director of the Institute of Flax of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:
Fibers of 15 hundred kilograms per hectare, and we had seven hundred kilograms per hectare last year. The result is good. The specific yield of the long grain is up to 75%. Not worse that the European results.

The field in “Ustie” is an example for others. The technologies here are an example for all the manufacturers.

Alexander Lukashenko, President of the Republic of Belarus:
What do you think about the flax-growing sector? What are we lacking?

Ivan Golub:
The first thing is that the republic does not always do everything in time, I mean the technology issues. There is not enough of money to buy some equipment and so on. There is a lack of technical means The Orekhov flax treating plant here in Orsha. It doesn’t have enough of mechanization specialists. The Orsha district had six farms last year, they were liquidated. It was a very wrong thing to do.


Alexander Lukashenko:
What has been liquidated?

Ivan Golub:
The farms do not sew flax anymore. Not even one farm does it. However, it needs to be done.

Alexander Lukashenko:
Where does the flax treating plant take the flax from then?

Ivan Golub:
It grows the flax itself.

Alexander Lukashenko:
Where?

Ivan Golub:
In the Orsha district. The lands are given and it grows flax here. But it is very difficult for the plant. Because it has trouble with doing everything in time.

Alexander Lukashenko:
It is not a problem to return the flax farms back to the district. Never mind, we won’t debate. If this question rises once again, blame yourselves. Don’t I know that we are forced to cultivate flax today? If I did not take the situation under control then, we wouldn’t have flax in Belarus today. What are you telling me? Do you think that I do not remember how flax plant didn’t pay people for years? Why did it happen? Because the plant was not at its best.

Therefore, I know what this flax cost me.

And today you are telling me not to put pressure. Solve the issue together with the scientists over the winter. I will not be talking about flax with you anymore. Such flax must be everywhere.

Alexander Lukashenko gets involved into the issue personally. The lack of machinery is among the problems of the flax industry today. President Lukashenko gives indications to solve the issue completely in the upcoming winter.


Alexander Lukashenko:
How much money is necessary for another 40 combine harvesters?

Mikhail Rusyi, Vice Premier of the Republic of Belarus:
It will cost 8 million dollars.

Alexander Lukashenko:
It means that we need to find 10 million dollars and buy combine harvesters. And to finish the talks on flax harvesting. Hold a tender, invite them - the bigger the volume, the cheaper the machinery.

Flax is a strategic crop for Belarus. The country occupies the fourth place in growing it, is in the top three exporting countries, leaving Belgium and France ahead.

Alexander Lukashenko:
If we cultivate flax correctly today, it is commercially viable, isn’t it?

Ivan Golub:
The viability is 70%.

Alexander Lukashenko:
That’s crazy. Oil gave such viability in the best of its times. Oil doesn’t give such viability today, and they are asking for money on flax. No money. And put things straight on the flax cultivating issues. And this system o cultivating flax, when a plant itself harvest the flax and asks for land. If there is mutual understanding, as you say, then there is. If there is no mutual understanding, then it needs to be established. I am repeating once again: if we teach farms how to sew, to cultivate flax like this, they will be interested in it themselves. And in the crop rotation as well.

Agrarians and scientists must work together for the flax growing to be successful. The crop needs special approach for the harvest to be fruitful.


Alexander Lukashenko:

You must make the decision, if it is not fulfilled, he will be telling me about it. He is the authority, you are a scientist, and you have given them technologies. Everyone has been taught. I am saying: why is flax lying, why is there no result? Don’t tell me fairytales here together with Gusakov. We came here and you taught us. We were standing there and thinking what will they teach us? Why did I give you the farm? So that a scientist would show me the flax growing in the field. These were the studies we had. However, it takes a lot for it to be realized… First the results need to be seen. Then I will ask him and you. A system must be worked out here.

Belarusian seeds of high quality are another way to success. As many as 30% of the total sprouting are left or their production. Belarusian seeds are popular abroad. Russia alone buys up to 30 tons of Belarusian flax seeds every year.

Alexander Lukashenko:
 Now we need to concentrate on the centers. There should be no more than five or six of them. It is not enough to have one in the Republic. On a platform of a good flax seed complex. Look at the results in the country, because the logistics - it is money as well, expenses. We never counted it, we didn’t know how, to be honest. Therefore, decode where we should have these centers. Then we will have good seeds.


The flax growing sector used to be the least mechanized. Practically all the works were done manually. Of course, modern machinery helps the agrarians today. However, to clear the flax manually is something that every experienced specialist must know how to do. Traditionally, Alexander Lukashenko gave an improvised master class.

Alexander Lukashenko:
You take it below the heads. Grab it and pull it quickly.

Flax is a crop with history and a prospect. The products of Belarusian flax plants are known well abroad. There are prospects. The largescale modernization of flax plats is coming to the end.

Belarus’ flax-growing industry to be modernized