CTV correspondent Yuri Prokopenko test-drives combine harvester

CTV correspondent Yuri Prokopenko test-drives combine harvester

It's impossible to set the pace of harvesting without reliable machinery. In 2017, after the order of the Belarus President, Gomselmash sent agricultural equipment to farms, even though it was not paid for. Guarantees lie on governors.

Brand new harvesters not only look great, but also show good results in the work. Five new models were developed at Gomselmash. One of them is in no way inferior to the best foreign analogues.

Yuri Kalivoshko, the head of the assembly and commissioning workshop of Gomselmash:
Quality is paid great attention at each position, at each stage of assembly. More than 90% of workers are quality achievers, who can themselves check things.

Most of the details are Belarus-made. Among imported components are only engines and nodes of hydrostatics. Thanks to this the Belarusian combine harvester wins in terms of price.

For example, this KZS 16-24 is an analog of the best world samples. At the same time, it's 1.5 times cheaper than its German brother. With a reaping machine of 9 meters and 500 hp, it's capable of threshing up to 25 tons of grain per hour.

Yuri Prokopenko, CTV correspondent:
We are now test-driving the harvester. The start was quite smooth. What's interesting, the view is so wide that you get an impression that you're inside of a double-decker. The conditioner works. That's amazing! Now we will go on the special board simulating field conditions. The harvester shakes a little, but quite a bit. In principle, it should behave like that. You can drive this combine harvester even with the usual driver's license of category B. Hydraulics works great. The maximum speed of this combine is 20-22 km/h. We are driving at 4.5 km/h. You don't need higher speed in the field.

Well, I seem to have learned driving. In fact, there's nothing really complicated; I could right now go to the field.

Driver Alexei Makosov compares Belarusian and imported equipment. He worked 10 years on the Belarusian harvester and only recently has changed it for a German analogue.

Alexei Makosov, combine operator of JSC Zarya:
Cleaning the grain is different here. This is a very good harvester. Air conditioner, refrigerator are located here, the products can be stored, the water is always cold. Noise insulation is very good.

But there are shortcomings in the imported machinery too. This combine is effective only on ideal fields.

Alexey Makosov:
The Belarusian harvesters have a very big advantage. Their reaper for standing and lying grain. This is not the case with Class harvesters. Their reaper is fixed.

Roman Chumakov, deputy director for mechanization of JSC Zarya:
If there was Belarusian machinery, we would be happy with it. First of all, we need service. If there is service, all machinery will work.

Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus:
If only one warranty machinery fails... Report to me about any such facts from around Belarus. Heads of farms will be pleased to inform you. And we will take measures if a guarantor does not come to help within 24 hours.

Another instruction of the President was executed promptly. Farms that needed new harvesters but lacked money to buy them did get combine harvesters. A deferred payment scheme was used. After all, harvest must be cropped here and now.

Sergey Fedorovich, Chief Designer of JSC Gomselmash:
Gomselmash fulfilled all tasks set by the head of state regarding the supply of grain harvesting equipment and almost fulfilled it regarding forage harvesting equipment. Now we are shipping the latter.

Today Belarusian agricultural machinery is already a serious brand. Most machines are exported. Combines Polesie are quite famous in about 30 countries around the world. High quality with a three-year warranty and a more affordable price make Belarusian machines competitive in foreign markets.

Yuri Prokopenko:
There are about 30 vehicles on the loading ramp. These Polesie harvesters are slated to be exported to Russia, to the Republic of Tatarstan. But these two combines will be sent to the Vitebsk region. The day after tomorrow they will start working in the fields.

Now Belarusian producers of agricultural machinery are working on creating a combine with a reaper width of 10-10.5 meters. This is another challenge to imported machinery. New super-productive harvesters should go into the fields as early as 2018.