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Interesting facts about Minsk: Independence Square

On the eve of the 950th anniversary of Minsk, correspondents of "Minsk in Detail" will tell you about the most iconic objects that have changed the face of the Belarus capital.

The first big report is about Independence Square.

This footage is famous all over the world: 1944, July 3... The Nazi swastika falls from the House of the Government of Belarus. This is Lenina Square, now Independence Square. From this moment the place became a true symbol of freedom.

Grigory Azarenok, CTV:
Walking along Independence Square, you can read an original architectural chronicle of Belarus. The beginning of the century is represented by the famous Red Church of Simon and Helena. The formation of the new state is the building of the Minsk City Executive Committee and, of course, the architectural ensemble of the Government House. Here are the best universities of Belarus - the Pedagogical University and the BSU. The end of the 20th, the scientific and technological revolution is depicted through the building of the Minsk metro administration. The 21st century preserved the architectural appearance of the square and gave it a new breath. Here appears the largest underground shopping center in Belarus - Stolitsa (Stalica).

All roads met here in 1933, when it was decided to build here the Government House. Then followed parades, demonstrations, years of Nazi occupation and peaceful construction. History is still breathing in this place.

Vladimir Volozhinsky, leading researcher of the State Museum "Museum of the History of the City:
When the Government House was renovated several years ago, we found some artifacts that date back to the end of WWII. German documents, cans, packs of cigarettes, matchboxes, and bottles.

This place became fateful for Maya Borisovna too. In the distant 1950s, she entered the then Gorky Pedagogical Institute. It can be said that her road to life began here.

Maya Sergeyeva, Minsk resident:
There was no annexe back then. The first beautiful houses appeared near our institute, in the ruined city. Five-story buildings were beautiful, in a single architectural style. However, each building was different in some detail. This was the main place where we spent weekends.

The square can be entered in the Guinness Book of Records because of the number of proposals for its reconstruction. The latest was proposed by Mikhail Gaufkheld 10 years ago. The Pedagogical Institute and the Minsk City Executive Committee were reconstructed according to his drafts. The underground shopping center Stolitsa was created in almost 100,000 square meters, with a huge parking for 500 cars. This is an underground city, where you can have a good time.

Mikhail Gaukhfeld, deputy chairman of the Belarusian Union of Architects:
If you look, you will see that this whole area is the roof that is exploited. There are very few such examples in Minsk. Nevertheless, everything was done here well and there are no leaks.

Citizens:
We very much like it.

There is a fountain, a church, and such a good square. Benches and grass - everything! That is beautiful.

This is my favorite place. We went downstairs and bought our child shoes for school right away. You walked, enjoyed the fountain looked... Cool.

It's very nice, modern, clean and neat.

It's cozy and very interesting.

Interesting facts about Minsk: Independence Square