Genetics in Belarus: progress in medicine and agriculture

Genetics in Belarus: progress in medicine and agriculture

Belarusian genetic scientists are capturing new areas of research. The developments of the National Centre for Genomic Biotechnology are successfully used in the agricultural sector. For instance, animal DNA passports were created, and the center is actively working in the medical and sports genetics sectors. Besides all that, Belarusian scientists are capturing another interesting area. They will soon be conducting genetic tests on a person’s stress tolerance.

Researches of genetic codes of plants, animals and people are what the scientists of the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences in Belarus are doing today.

Unique technologies help the scientists in their scrupulous job.

A cycle on such units costs dozens of thousands of dollars. But the result is worth it. This unit, which is called a sequenator, can identify and read off genetic codes of people from a microchip. After that specialists can decipher and make all the possible illnesses as clear as a bell.

It is common for women, who are incapable of carrying fetus to term, to address genetic scientists. In such cases genetic scientists try identify the reasons and find a failure in the genetic chain.

As a result 85% of women become mothers of healthy children.

Irma Mosse, human genetics laboratory chief, Institute of Genetics and Cytology at National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:
We would like to test more women for free, for government funding, to educe high risk miscarriage cases and prevent losses of first pregnancies.

To improve the quality of crops, to inspect the bought cereals on mutation, and define to what species of fish caviar really belongs to. As little as 20mg of a product’s sample is needed to detect plant diseases and fakes.

Oksana Mazur, staff scientist at the National Center of Genome Biotechnology in Belarus:
The keeping capacity gene of tomatoes is explored, to increase their shelf life expiration.

What is more, scientists are going to continue their researches and are planning to test the human stress tolerance.

Alexander Kilchevsky, Chief Scientific Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences the Republic of the Republic of Belarus:
It is important for people who work in stressful conditions. Workers of emergency services, firemen, pilots, air traffic control officers and many other professions. Not so long ago Belarusian genetic scientists started identifying the percent of meat products when interfusing. It is very important for avoiding falsification.

Besides the noticeable benefit for health of Belarusians the genomic researches generate as many as two million dollars annually.