Should Belarusians be waiting for a reload in the most sensitive sector? Irina Kostevich should have the answer. Recently she was appointed the new Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Belarus.
She is an experienced person in the authority sphere, but before now she had been occupying lower positions. Nevertheless, now she is Belarus’ Minister of Labour and Social Protection.
Irina Kostevich, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Belarus:
I came to a ready-made team, which understands what needs to be done. The only thing I have to do it to mobilize people and the tasks which are stated in the program, and fulfil them competently.
Among the priorities of this program are employment and salaries.
President Alexander Lukashenko set a task, so that people would have a salary of no less than BYN 1000 by December 2017. The task is very difficult. We have already been working for months on this task in manual mode. It might be not that quick to do it step by step, but we are moving forward.
You said about the manual mode. As for the social sector in the world and in Belarus, a lot of local decisions must be made in a manual mode.
It is a kind of movement; it is direct communication with a person. Only people who love children must work in this system. It lets this governmental service step out to a qualitative level, because it is all done for the sake of people.
An average salary of BYN 1000. What should be done to fulfil this target? It’s quite a task.
The real sector and the budget sphere should be separated. The real sector is economy; serious work should be done with expenditures, material expenditures, and executive expenses. In the end this economy should go towards salaries. It can’t be said that a salary like this should be at every plant, because every enterprise entered 2017 with different economical situations, with different financial states. The second issue is the coordination of a salary with the rise in labor productivity. This is where the government set a task to carry out regular diagnostics. Nevertheless, it doesn’t mean that people must be made redundant. This is when the vertical system of governance on onsite is needed. If there really is a surplus of these people, then they need to be provided with involuntary training, so that tomorrow they could find a job with a different level of qualifications. In this case the employer’s work is synchronized with the employment services.
It is a successful balance. Any kind of work must be economically feasible.
From the very birth of a person we must carry out explanatory work, when a person understands and comprehends where he was born and where he lives, he must be responsible for himself first of all. When he is at school, he must understand that studying well is a foundation for the future life. It is evident today, that to become a good specialist, may be it is not enough to have education on its own.
What should be done with places of work? You promised 70,000 new vacancies.
Any position means investments. Vacancies do not arise by themselves, especially in the regions. The base for creating new working places in Belarus is new enterprises. If we look as far back as 2016, as many as 40,000 new working places were created in such new plants. They are small businesses, startups. Such businesses start off with 1, 2, and 3 people: a director, an accountant, a solicitor. The main task for them is to create new vacancies for people and make their business develop quickly. By simplifying all the procedures of conducting a business, we decrease the process, when this entrepreneur enters a business and is able to get down to his business. Issues concerning administrative procedures, licensed business activities have also been discussed.
As for the pension coverage, the first step forward has already been made. Belarus followed the example of increasing the retirement age. What else should Belarusian pensioners expect? What can they count on in the nearest future?
A tough indicator has been put into the five-year plan. Pensions must be no less than 40% from the average salary of a Belarusian; it’s the main criteria to be thrived for during the five years.