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History of hairstyling in Minsk: hairdressing salons once were for men only

In the 1960s bouffants and geometric haircuts were considered fashionable; the 1970s are known for hippie style of tresses; the 1980s brought unnaturally vibrant hair color to the fore. Trends change, but no matter what we want to be beautiful. That is why the profession of hairstylist will always be in demand.

Now it is difficult to imagine that in the past all hairstylists were men. They were highly treated in the city; men came to them to cut their beards, to shave, and, in the meantime, to have small talks.  

Women, in their turn, stayed at home. Until short hair gained popularity, a hairstylist used to come at theirs and did their hair in ingenious way.

After WWII, Minsk city authorities wanted to make the city beautiful again. But they also wanted to see Minsk residents beautiful and well-groomed. For this reason, they opened new hairdressing salons all around the city.

At that time it was larger number of hairdressing services for men than for women. Cut with hair clipper, buzz cut, short back and sides cut were among the most popular.

In the 1960s, the faux hawk cut was very stylish; young men also liked long bangs. Hairstylists made hair spray by themselves. They took rosin, levigated it, added there alcohol and infused the mixture.

In the 1970s, youth preferred to wear skinny and long hair. Haircut itself cost less than cologne, with which men used to refresh themselves.

Women of the 1960s were fond of perm. However, first German compounds smelt so strong that it was decided to open separate rooms for women. So, in 1965 in the hub of the city was opened salon named Mechta (Dream), with large separate rooms for perm, manicure and hair dyeing.

Hairstylists gave hair this or that colour with the help of different dyers, which were created by combination of chemical substances,    diamine, or buckthorn bark and by boiling the given mixture for long time. But even at that time there were such dyes as Gamma. Depending on how much this substance was thinned, hairstylists got a particular shade. The blond one was attained by using perhydrol, but the shade was yellowish. The purple powder called fuchsine got hair proper platinum color, as Marilyn Monroe had.

Fashionable women of the 1960s followed the images of famous actresses. Bouffant on short and long hair, accurate geometric cuts and accent on eyes were very popular. All ladies dreamt of hair extension and beehive.

By 1960, 68 hairdressing salons worked in Minsk.

The first hairstylist contest was held in 1964 to improve the status of the profession. Then this contest became a tradition. With the help of metal curlers, professionals created glamorous bouffant, which could hold for long. 

The rebellious 1970s and hippie style brought new tendencies in the world of hairdressing. Women wore their hair in buns or loose, made feathered hair, and to complete the picture, women manicure and pedicure.

In the past, in the USSR, the profession of nail technician was called mozolist (a person, who dealt with calluses).

Women of the 1950-1960s used nail polish, based on cellulose varnish.

Minsk is known for beautiful women, and, as we see, they always took care of themselves. 

History of hairstyling in Minsk: hairdressing salons for men only