You can either listen to the opinions of outside observers (and sometimes it is even pleasant), or simply ignore them. Still, you should have your own head on your shoulders, especially in economy, where interest and profit govern advisers and consultants.
What does Belarusian experience tell us today? There are a lot of inspection departments. They work actively, but the economic benefit of total control is questionable. Even the President started to speak about it.
Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus:
I think we should drop this total control.
The phrase of the Belarusian leader is like the trumpets of Jericho to the wall behind which was the development of entrepreneurship. At a meeting with the President, the main topic was the problem of Belarusian manufacturers and businessmen - the number and nature of constant checks.
The main emphasis must be placed on the end result, rather than checks for the sake of checks. This should be the basis of your work. Before opening an enterprise you need to check everything and this is all. Based on the new standards. But afterwards you do not have to go there repeatedly with all kinds of audits and inspections.
One check is carried out in Belarus every minute. At large enterprises, delegation of inspectors sometimes include tens of people.
Do you want to show that your work is necessary? It should not be the case. All unscheduled inspections must cease to be a loophole for control structures, which are capable of paralyzing virtually any organization. For this purpose we need to increase the responsibility of supervisors. Then they will think twice before interfering with the normal operation of an enterprise.
As for scheduled inspections, we need to reduce their number.
Mikhail Shurim says this order of Alexander Lukashenko is Solomonic solution.
Mikhail Shurim, vice-chairman of the Belarusian Union of Entrepreneurs:
We do not have private property. It is, in principle, not necessary. No investor will do anything in agriculture, if today he receives land and then it is taken away suddenly.
Controlling bodies closed a lot of cafes. They are ruined because of the amount of penalties due.
Some standards do not have clear logic. Take, for example, the requirements for the height of premises for cafes. From floor to ceiling, there must be at least 3 meters. Clearly, in modern urban buildings it is theoretically possible to comply with these requirements. And how to be with the buildings of past centuries, which are less than three meters high? It turns out that some of them people will not be able to open cafes and surprise foreigners with the national cuisine in the historic entourage.
We must clearly define requirements for the canteen for a hundred people and a small cafe for 10 tables. Let us not interfere but help develop small businesses.
Pancakes is a national brand and one of the favorite dishes of the Belarus President. You can order them here in the cafe of the Palace of Independence. True, they are just warmed here. They can be baked, according to the sanitary norms, only in a special room. Therefore, eateries find it easier to cook national dishes from semi-finished products bought overseas. And in Belarus, there are dozens of such vivid examples, which discourage people from opening new businesses.
To open a cafe, you need six months. The creation of a business is regulated by almost a thousand administrative procedures. New rules appear almost daily.
Lilia Koval, Vice-Chairwoman of the Minsk Capital Union of Entrepreneurs and Employers:
For 2016, each day 18 regulations were taken. I'm sorry, but can't even read them, let alone follow them without mistakes.
This entire regulatory framework must be reduced to a minimum. Any law must be discussed nationwide and the President can personally approve something if it is needed.
Another order was to controllers. The principle must be as follows: "If you are not sure, don't impose a fine".
It is necessary to revise approaches to inspections. In 2016 alone, the share of non-scheduled checks amounted to almost 80%. In this context, let me remind the managers: if the laws are not respected, then your work to prevent them is not effective.
There are some complaints about agricultural farmsteads. It turns out that health standards are not only requirements for the storage of food, maintenance of the premises. Even hooks in the dressing room are strictly regulated by the law. Alexander Lukashenko is sure that part of the established requirements should be as simple as possible or even canceled.
At the end of 2016 Belarus entered the top countries that achieved the best results in the sphere of business. Among other leaders are also Kazakhstan, Kenya, Serbia, Georgia, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates. Together, these countries carried out about 50 reforms, which are aimed at improving the business environment.
Conditions for doing business are going to be improved in Belarus further. At the meeting it was agreed that duplicate checks will be removed. Roadside services will get additional benefits.
Vladimir Koltovich, Minister of antitrust and trade of the Republic of Belarus:
All businesses that are beyond the Minsk ring road... Let's equate them to farm tourism in terms of business requirements and conditions. Roadside service is in fact the same farm tourism. They will also need to pay only one base unit and simplified requirements for health standards will be imposed there. So that people can enter this business at the lowest cost, develop it and quietly work for the benefit of the consumer.
At the meeting of President of Belarus called on the business community to have an honest and open dialogue and ensured that there will be no pressure from the controlling bodies.
Specific proposals for the liberalization of state control should be made available to the President in the near future.