The Day of Belarusian science is celebrated on January 29. Doctoral degrees and professorships certificates were awarded last week at the Palace of Independence. 2017 was declared the Year of Science, which will play a key role in building an innovative economy.
Knowledge is not only the power but also a way to become richer. Belarusian science has made the republic a space power. We are engaged in the global international projects, such as the Large Hadron Collider. But there are even more ambitious goals.
The future belongs to the treatment of complex diseases, the creation of artificial intelligence, cars without gasoline and unprecedented productivity fields. The main engine of progress is undoubtedly science.
At a test site near Minsk, scientists are testing the first Belarusian electric car.
Alexander Belevich, head of the laboratory of onboard mechatronic systems, Joint Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus:
These cars will be clearly costlier than the foreign models, but of course, the price will be higher than the petrol versions have. According to optimistic forecasts, our cars will not be more expensive than $30,000.
One of the new Belarusian developments allows determining the presence of breast cancer at the earliest stage of the disease. The invention has already aroused interest in other countries.
Alexander Shumilin, Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus:
This year we will represent our Belarusian development in Miami for the first time. Americans are very interested in our development, they know about our High-Tech Park and our tech and science products. They want to see us in the US market.
In the face of global competition, "knowledge economy" can provide long-term competitiveness.
Alexander Lukashenko, President of the Republic of Belarus:
The most important thing for us is to preserve this piece of land, to put it simply. And in order to save it, all the problems in this regard are, oddly enough, in the economic sphere. The economy that we have is completely open and we need to keep our economy in the fierce competition. There is no competition without you, without science.
This week, Alexander Lukashenko awarded diplomas of Doctor of Science and Professor certificates to Belarusian scientists. The ideas and developments of these people have been successfully implemented at various enterprises.
"Science for the economy" is not just a fashionable phrase. Knowledge economy, which is based on the flow of innovations and constant technological improvement, should be the foundation for an economic breakthrough.
We need to improve the standard of living. $500 of the average salary is not a sky-high figure, the minimum that can provide a person more or less good living standard. Given the fact that we have virtually free education, health care, all of the medicine in general, the overwhelming majority of utilities (I am promised that there will be 70% and 30% of those costs will be subsidized by the state), because we have the lowest rates. And in our country, where is not so much oil, gasoline is the cheapest.
Today, the main scientific objectives lie in the sphere of the national economy. The main problem is the reduction of production costs.
Vadim Kitikov, Ph.D., chairman of the trade unions of workers of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:
Many traditional methods of modernization have exhausted themselves. We need innovative methods, innovative modernization. Here, of course, science plays the main role.
There are no analogs of such equipment on the post-Soviet space. The machine produces microchips, which are now used everywhere. The advantage of the Belarusian development is that the process is completely automated. At the same time, the products are much cheaper because of the usage of copper instead of gold. Also, the technology allows creating parts for the boards of the smallest size, three times thinner than a human hair.
Igor Petukhov, head of R&D center at a precision engineering holding company:
Its task is to set the collected microchips and pick up ready-made products. It speeds up the performed operations, the productivity of labor increases, the cost goes down, the salary of the operating personnel grows. Foreign buyers are interested in the development. It is sold in Russia, China, it is planning to establish a market in India. And this is not the only case where our solutions are in demand in other countries.
The latest example is the official visit of the Belarus President to Egypt and Sudan.
We went there because they‘d been waiting for us for a long time. And Sudan has 130 million head of cattle. Why not recycle them like Belarus? We know how to do it. The whole world today (almost 50 countries) uses our food products. Can we do it in Sudan? Yes, we can. This is the piece of work for Belarus. They have 10 times more fertile soil. It surprised me because it is in fact a desert. They need agricultural machinery. They need technologies. And what is the most important, we need the people who know how to deal with it. And they want it. So that’s why we come there because there is a huge piece of work for us. This is the life and work of our enterprises.
Nuclear energy, fundamental physics, pedagogy, medicine is not a complete list of areas where Belarusian scientists are not far behind and sometimes go a step ahead of their foreign counterparts.