Analyst: Belarus among the top of former Soviet nations


Analyst: Belarus among the top of former Soviet nations

25 years is a true anniversary! Is it a joy or sadness when it comes to the disintegration of the Soviet empire and the birth of a new sovereign state? If a country is frail and miserable and their residents are poor, one can bemoan the loss. But if history has developed as it was in the case of Belarus, quite successfully (and against the background of the 15 former Soviet nations Belarus seems even more advanced), there can be a little mourn, something like nostalgia. But the main thing is the establishment of a sovereign state.

Another event in this chain is the reincarnation of the USSR in the CIS. The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), with headquarters in Minsk, is alive until now and President Lukashenko congratulated leaders of CIS countries on December 8, noting that this day was the starting point of new kinds of integration processes on the post-Soviet space. Yevgeny Pustovoi has more.

Ilya Veljanov is the child of his age. The orphan of the Karakum desert was only a speck in the vast expanses of the Union, and yet he was able to reach the stars of lieutenant-general. The country is equality of opportunity and prosperity gave Ilya regalia and positions. But he is nostalgic about simple human relations.

Ilya Veljanov:
The greatness was not only financial, but ideological. People were conscientious, human relations were normal, humans were not like animals.

Yuri Ivanov, photographer, witness the collapse of the Soviet Union:
This picture came into the list of the world's best photographers. Time magazine published it on the turn and signed a "dictatorship of the proletariat."

Yuri Ivanov was called the eyes of the Soviet Communist party era. Through his lens, the entire world saw the life of the Union and the collapse of the Soviet empire.

Yuri Ivanov:
This is Mr Kebich, this is Burbulis. We looked over their shoulders and they were preparing it all for the collapse.

The residence Viskuli was the place where the agreement to end the USSR's existence was signed.

Officially, the leaders of union republics can here to discuss gas supplies. But in the end, here they put an end to the history of the Soviet Union.

Sergey Musienko:
According to Shushkevich, Yeltsin, they were going here to talk about oil, gas. They all knew that as soon as they begin this topic, there would be no talk about the collapse of the Soviet Union. But we still feel the consequences of these ill-considered treacherous steps.

During 36 hours, three politicians in Viskuli were destroying all that was created over 70 years by millions of people. Although it is said that the great power was destroyed not by three bison in Bialowieza, but a pack of wolves.

Eduard Khanok was the USSR's famous composer and now he's discovered his other talents. He is an innovator of the theory of waves and patterns. It is against them that the Union crashed, says the composer.

Eduard Khanok, People's Artist of Belarus, composer:
Collapses are not related to people. It is all because laws of nature. It fell apart, because apparently it rotted.

Sergey Musienko:
The CIS is now functioning and was created thanks to the fact that it all began in Minsk. It is obvious that if such leader as Alexander Lukashenko had been at Viskuli back then, it would not have happened. Because he would have defended the interests of his country.

The Soviet Union broke up on December 8 at 14:17. It is at this very time Kirill Tkachev was born.

A whole generation has grown up under the national flag of Belarus. On his birthday he presented himself with a trip to the diamond of knowledge - the National Library of Belarus. Usually he takes his girls to the observation deck on the roof. But today he came to the reading room.

Kirill Tkachev, born on the same day the CIS was formed:
The first satellite in space, the world hockey championship, the construction of an incredibly beautiful library...

The scoreboard of Belarus' achievements shows a decent score. But Belarusians did not deduct from their tally the points earned during the Soviet era.

The doors to the factory and factory shops became a kind of social elevator for millions of Soviet people. Most of the elite of those times come from blue-collar occupations. By the way, in Belarus this trend continued. From the President to the heads of districts - managers are mostly from farms or factories.

Sergey Musienko:
As compared to other post-Soviet states, Belarus occupies one of the best positions. We could be independent and live, so to speak, as a prototype of the European Union without borders, but with the common market - the Soviet Union.

The Soviet Union took a person into orbit in 1961, and Belarusians at the same time developed a 27-ton BelAZ in Zhodino. Only the Soviet Union could develop simultaneously space technologies and new industries.

Evgeny Zhuk, machine setter, BelAZ:
Now we have only memories of the Union. There is something to remember. It was a good powerful state. The course of events cannot be reverted. Now we have own independent republic that looks pretty decent in the world community.

Eugene Kashevsky, foreman:
Currently it is all national. All these our achievements here... They have already been during the sovereign history of Belarus. It is in Belarus where the best from the Soviet Union remained. Soviet power in its best sense, social protection and the relationship between people, and our whole life, and housing.

For the well-known Russian director Oleg Fisenko Belarus is a window to Europe and the door to the good old Soviet Union. Russian filmmakers have literally fallen in love with Belarusian architecture.

Oleg Fisenko, director:
When I come here I am surprised: you are not an 'oil country', how your President manages to build that much during this time. I've come here for the past 5 years and I can see how things change. In Minsk, you can still buy cottage cheese bars in chocolate or that Soviet-tasting sausage and make that good old Olivier salad.