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Minsk police history

March 4 is a memorable date in the history of Belarusian police. In 2017, law enforcement officers will celebrate the 100th anniversary of the service.

Elena Khmelenok, Chief Inspector of the center of cultural and educational work of Main Internal Affairs Directorate:
Minsk’s police was established on 4 March, 1917, when Mikhail Frunze was appointed interim head of Minsk. Initially, it was assumed that the crime in the wake of the revolutionary upsurge would simply disappear itself. Therefore, the police was created as a temporary phenomenon, but soon it became a permanent feature of the society.

In two days, about 200 militiamen were maintaining order in Minsk. The main office was on Podgornaya Street (today’s Karla Marksa Street). Those militiamen kept peace, tackled crime, and controlled compliance of sanitary standards and decrees. In the 1920s, special attention was paid to staff training. Therefore, in 1921, the Minsk Frunze police school was opened. In the 1930s, the structure and activities of the police underwent a lot changes. In 1932, Passport Office was created. Minsk residents could obtain that document already in 1933.

Elena Khmelenok, Chief Inspector of the center of cultural and educational work of Main Internal Affairs Directorate:
In the 1930s, juvenile delinquents’ rooms and Minsk State Inspectorate were established, and later, in 1977, the Inspection of Juvenile Affairs.

At those times, the traffic was regulated by traffic-controllers. Traffic lights appeared in 1938. On the eve of the Great Patriotic War, the militiamen were well-trained, which is why, from the first days of the Great Patriotic War, they were tasked with defending their Motherland on a par with the military.

Elena Khmelenok, Chief Inspector of the center of cultural and educational work of Minsk City Executive Committee:
June 24 happened to be the day when Minsk was raided for the first time. The Minsk police suffered significant losses. The archives and the police administration building were burnt down. Only 11 people managed to survive. During that time, the retreating militiamen from western regions under the command of Peter Goryachev entered Minsk. He took the responsibility for maintaining order.

Minsk militiamen took part in the legendary parade of November 7, 1941, held in Moscow on Red Square. They also took part in battles for Leningrad, defended Smolensk, fought in the battle of Kursk and liberated Belarus. After the invaders had been expelled from Minsk, the police returned to its work. 

During the postwar crime waves, policemen used to immediately respond, sometimes regardless of personal time, and often risked their lives. Thanks to their dedicated work, by the beginning of 1954, the crime rate had dropped significantly in Minsk.

As a result of operational activities, in 1962, Minsk law enforcement officers were awarded Red Banner. Then, for the first time, the text of the militia oath was approved. And in the early 1970s, due to the work of the road traffic police, Minsk became a city of green traffic lights.

Elena Khmelenok, Chief Inspector of the Center of cultural and educational work of Main Internal Affairs Directorate:
Minsk residents of that time were very obedient on the roads. That means that they crossed the street only on green light. And this experience was noticed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. Minsk experience was then to be spread around the whole Soviet Union.

In the summer of 1980, Minsk police participated in hosting the XXII Olympic Games. The best employees were sent to Moscow. At the same time, Minsk’s Dinamo Stadium hosted some football matches. Due to the work of law enforcement officers, not a single serious crime was documented in the city.

After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Minsk police were sent there to preserve law and order.

Elena Khmelenok, Chief Inspector of the center of cultural and educational work of Main Internal Affairs Directorate:
Subsequently, the men who served their time in Afghanistan come to serve to the police. In particular, it is Sergey Davidovich, who served in the legendary 9th company.

The city police did not remain indifferent immediately after the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant disaster. Soldiers and commanders from the Minsk regiment rescued people from the disaster zone and performed their duty impeccably.

The work of the Minsk police is now recognized at the highest level. It trained 35 generals, and 10 employees were awarded the honorary title "Minsk resident of the year".

Minsk police: History of Main Internal Affairs Directorate of Minsk City Executive Committee