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Why did Belarus need Directive No1 on strengthening of labor discipline in 2004?

The so-called Directive No1 sets out basic points of the rule of law, order and labor discipline. The document has been in force for over 10 years.

It was signed in March 2004 by President Lukashenko.

There were a lot of prerequisites for the signing of that document back then. Among the major ones were:

failure to comply with fire safety requirements;
death under circumstances not related to occupational hazard;
neglect of safety precautions;
violation of labor discipline.

The updated Directive No1 is designed to solve a number of urgent problems.

Dmitry Shevtsov, deputy of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus:
Time is ripe for this new instrument. Public safety and discipline is issue number one. Saving a person's life and, of course, the economic growth of our country.  

Among the main points of the document, designed to strengthen public safety and discipline, is learning how to behave in case of emergency.

Vitaly Dembovsky, spokesman for the Minsk City Emergency Management:
We constantly carry out various kinds of trainings at facilities and organizations. First of all, we train not only alone, but we to train people in emergency situations. This is very important. And the number of accidents among personnel is steadily declining, but in everyday life, where people are left to themselves, the main cause of the fires is still careless handling of fire while smoking in an intoxicated condition.  

Alexandra Prokofyeva, secretary of the Belarusian State Philharmonic:
We are now practicing behavior in case of fire. I have never held a fire extinguisher in my hands! It is difficult, exciting. We learned a lot of the new things. We made some conclusions. In the future, we will use this knowledge.    

After the adoption of a directive on tough measures against negligence, sloppiness and drunkenness in workplaces, one can already make some conclusions ten years later.

Alexander Bruy, senior inspector of traffic police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus:
Each measure that provides for increased penalties has its effect. Maybe a lot of people who find out that their car can be confiscated will not drive in a drunken state.

Minor penalties for violators are now replaced by revocation of driving licenses, with car confiscation used for repeated violations. This has helped to significantly reduce child mortality on the roads. The number of drunk drivers has almost halved over the last decade.

The "single window" principle has become a salvation in addressing bureaucratic problems.

Pavel Trushkevich, deputy director of Minsk City Service Agency:
The service "Single window" was created in 2006. At the time of its creation, documents according to that principle were received only in 10 administrative procedures. By 2015, this list includes 114 administrative procedures in which the single window principle can be used.

Millions of Belarusians benefited from the ability to solve their problems. Experts call Directive No1 with its fundamental principles the ancestor of the much-discussed decree "On the personnel and social dependency".

Belarus' House of Government