Retro Minsk. Historical names of Minsk streets and squares


Retro Minsk. Historical names of Minsk streets and squares

Let’s get on the horse tramway from Sobornaya Square to Alexandrovskaya Street, watch silent films in Eden cinema on Zakharyevskaya Street and have a rest at the cycle track in Governors Garden. Every Minsk resident in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century knew this journey.

Nowadays, however, this itinerary is represented in the following way: drive from Svobody (Liberty) Square to Bogdanovicha Street, call on the central shop in Independence Avenue and relax in Gorky Park.

Time goes, streets and squares change their names, meaning, placement and sometimes disappear at all. Let’s dip into the history of Minsk and find out which historical names Minsk residents know.

Minsk residents:
Independence Square was named Lenin Square, and before it – Stalin Square. Instead of the palace, there was a monument to Stalin.

I know the old name of the street where we stand right now. Independence Avenue was Stalin Avenue, Lenin Avenue and Skaryny Avenue in different times.

The main Minsk highway is one of the longest streets in Europe. Its name was changed 14 times.

From the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the street was named Zakharevskaya in honor of the first Minsk governor Zakhary Korneev. After the October Revolution, the street was renamed Sovetskaya, during the Polish occupation it was named after Adam Mickiewicz , during the Great Patriotic War the street was called Haupestrasse, from the 1950s – Stalin Avenue, from the 1960s – Lenin Avenue, and from the 1990s – Skaryny Avenue. Since 2005, it has been called Independence Avenue.

Minsk residents:
Revolutsionnaya Street was named Koydanavskaya Street because it was leading to Koydanovo.

Internatsionalnaya Street was named Sborovaya because Calvinist church (sbor – in Russian) was situated there, and the remaining part was named Volotskaya Street.

Central streets of our city are not so many-sided like our Avenue, but their names had been changed a lot of times.

The present-day Liberty Square, famous because of its Town Hall, was earlier Cathedral Square because of a huge number of sacred places in that district.

One century ago, it was possible to meet young gymnasia pupils and to do some shopping in Gostiny dvor. There was a boy’s gymnasium with physical specialization in the building where now there is a Trade Union Council.

The origin of Internatsionalnaya Street’s name is very interesting. A Calvinist church had been built at the place where now Gorodskoy Val Street ends. The street was named Sborovaya.

In the 1980s, the street was renamed Preobrazhenskaya. It was called in honor of the convent of the same name. The street received its modern name Internatsionalnaya after the revolution in 1919.

Actually, Internatsionalnaya Street consists of two historical streets. The old one is Sborovaya Street. It was followed by Volotskaya Street, known since 1600.

Minsk residents:
The former name of Victory Square was Kruglaya (Round) Square. Even after WWII, the name should have been preserved. They wanted to build Victory Square in some other place. Still the Victory obelisk was erected at this place, and it was decided to call this square Victory Square.

I remember that Victory Square was called Kruglaya Square.

Victory Square was really called Kruglaya Square until November 1958.

By the 1950s, there was created a magnificent part of the city, thanks to architect Barshch.

Minsk residents:
The former name of Gorky Park was Governor Garden, because it was founded by the governor of Minsk.

Karla Marksa Street was named Podgornaya because there are a lot of hills there (“gora” is a hill or mountain in Russian).

There are paved descents, ancients houses decorated in classic style, picturesque parks and Gorky Park riverfront.

Karla Marksa Street was a cultural center in the 19th century, which it remains today. There was a water supply, telephone connection and the best houses in the city. All the streets were lit.

The street was called Bazarnaya because of the local market (bazaar – in Russian) that was situated there. It was renamed Podgornaya because of the hilly relief. The street received its revolutionary name Karl Marx Street in 1922.

Minsk resident:
In my opinion it is necessary to return the old names of the streets in the Nemiga and Upper Town neighborhoods.