From 1 January 2016, new rules will be imposed in the Belarusian internet segment. The Ministry of Communications has obliged providers, that is, those who provide Internet access, to strictly track users: when he logged in and out and how much data was downloaded and uploaded. In general, each click should be captured and stored during one year. In the developed Western countries, this rule has been valid for a long time, and if necessary, National Security Agency even reads personal correspondence. Dmitry Boyarovich has more.
The new ordinance of the Communications Ministry was very controversially met on the Internet. Providers will now store information about what sites the user visits, plus the date of visits to certain resources in the network, IP address and passport and personal data. Such a rule comes into force on 1 January 2016.
Vadim Shaybakov, Deputy General Director for Technical Issues of Beltelecom:
Upon request of competent authorities, I shall have the right and we will have to provide this information. There is no danger or fear. The only thing you need to realize is that illegal or unauthorized user actions are recorded.
Providers claim that little will change for users. The measure will not hurt the quality of services. As for the perpetrators, their chances of remaining unpunished become slimmer. And that is given the scope of the Internet in Belarus. A global network in the country covers 8.5 million people. That is, almost everyone.
Yuri Zisser, founder of a news portal, businessman:
Of course, freedom is a value. But as we remember freedom ends at the tip of the nose of another citizen.
The Belarusian Internet guru is sure: the measure is a legal safety net. Belarus is among the top 50 nations in terms of the level of development of network infrastructure. This means high requirements for protection and information security on the Internet.
Yuri Zisser, founder of a news portal, businessman:
A similar procedure has been applied for a long time in the European Union and Russia. Even in the United States, intelligence agencies have direct access to databases of the largest social networks, email services, and so on. We have no such phenomenon. When you are robbed on the Internet and tell the police they will answer you that you are to blame because you did not want your logs to be kept. Therefore, there is always a need for a kind of balance.
Dmitry Boyarovich, CTV:
The same balance in this regard, sometimes fails. For example, a resident of Lida has been recently sentenced to two years probation for the fact that, according to him, he liked a video on a social network, exactly in the same way as I do now. But in his case the video was pornographic and it automatically appeared on his page. Police considered such actions dissemination of pornographic information and opened a criminal case.
In principle, law is on the side of the police.
Yevgeniya Potapova, lawyer:
Of course, the request for information is possible only within the framework of the criminal case. And only information which is relevant to the case under investigation. We need a certain base, at least suspicion. Of course, no one collects information just for nothing. It is inappropriate and illegal.
This is just what the resolution of the Ministry of Communications aims to root out. Such devices are popular means of cheating. Devices read all data from a card, including passwords. Every year about four criminal groups operating in this way are arrested.
Oleg Slepchenko, deputy chief of the third office of "K" Department, Ministry of Internal Affairs:
Today, hacking is increasingly being commercialized. While earlier it was altruistic, now everything is quite contrary. And demand creates supply. And between supply and demand, there is always money. Big money.
Internet has become a place of mass fraud. Interpol does not investigate cybercrimes with damage less than five thousand dollars. They say that it is impossible to tell where money went. Belarusian law enforcement agencies are trying to solve even these kids of cases and sometimes succeed.
For example, take a resonant case involving Belarusian programmers. They created a website which gives access - for a fee, of course - to child pornography located on a U.S. server. Even FBI did not manage to find the criminals.
Igor Parmon, a leading specialist of the "K" department, Ministry of Internal Affairs:
As a result, we found where the server was. We advised FBI. The turnover of the first group was one million dollars in 1.5 weeks. Thirty thousand foreign nationals in 130 countries - employees of state agencies, clergy - were arrested and prosecuted.
Here, there's no pornography. This is a virtual local network for students. It stores educational books and multimedia. Extra information and viruses are filtered and blocked.
Pavel Prokoshin, head of a computer network, Belarusian National Technical University:
Students are prohibited from bringing their information and running own programs. This is controlled by the staff and programs. This computer class is in no way seen through the network and the network of the university. One can't see it from the Internet either.