Negnevichi village: Monument to tractor


Negnevichi village: Monument to tractor

The village of Negnevichi is located in Novogrudok District (the Grodno region). People who lived here were religious and counted on God in all their deeds. The name of the village figured in the chronicle of the 14th century and is connected with the name of Pavel Obukhovich.

Small chapels were built here and in surrounding villages. In 1428 Vytautas, the ruler (1392–1430) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,  presented this village for his wife Sophia of Halshany. They didn’t have children and after their death, Negnevichi became the ownership of the state.

In 1940, the village was passed to Radziwiłł Ościkowicz, the Radziwiłł family ancestor. He possessed the village until the 19th century. Then Mikolaj Radziwiłł, who was a member of the Lithuanian Rada (Council), owned the village. He had built a latifundium, which served as a base of the Radzivills’ generation power.

In the 16th century, Jan Radziwiłł turned Negnevichi into one of the biggest manors. About a hundred farms, two Orthodox churches functioned here. In 1600, Negnevichi obtained the status of a town. Trade-fairs were frequently held here. During the Great Northern War, the Radziwiłłs supported Peter the Great of Russia against Sweden. The Swedish army burned the entire town. But the Radziwiłłs built up Negnevichi again. And in 1757, Negnevichi had a tavern, 69 Orthodox and 28 Jewish households. The Radziwiłłs needed money and encumbered the town. The history does not know whether they didn’t return the money or new owners, the Chreptowicz family, liked the place very much but the town was no longer ruled by the Radziwiłłs.

According to one version, this Catholic church was built by Adam Chreptowicz

Historical reference:
Adam Chreptowicz was born on the 14th of May in the village of Shchorsy (Novogrudok District). He was a political activist, a philanthropist, and an art patron. He graduated from Vilnius University. He travelled to Germany, Denmark, and England. He got a rank of cavalry captain of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. During the Patriotic War of 1812, Adam Chreptowicz fought for Napoleon. He was a member of the Philomaths, and a school inspector. Died in 1844.

Adam Chreptowicz cancelled corporal punishment for peasants. He initiated the system of fines and special conversations for any faults. He reduced the number of taverns, and controlled the usage of alcohol spirits.

In 1811, Adam Chreptowicz opened a school for local children.

Adam Chreptowicz

Historical reference:
Ivan Malyshevskiy was born in 1828 in Negnevichy. He was a writer, a historian, a Doctor of Theology. He graduated from the Zhirovichskoe religious school, the Minsk seminary and the Kyiv school of theology.  He was a supporter of Slavonic cultural unity. Died in 1897.

Ivan Malyshevsky published a lot of books and articles about the Christian faith of the Eastern Empire.

Ivan Malyshevskiy

Every Belarusian town had an Orthodox church, a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue at the same place. The Catholic church was passed to the Orthodox in 1863.

In 1921, when Western Belarus passed to Poland, the church became Catholic again. But after the Second World war, the church was passed to the Orthodox. Since then, it’s been the Orthodox church of Lady of Kazan.

When the church was given to the Orthodox, all the stuff the Catholics used was not removed. Even now it looks like a Catholic church.

There is a monument of a tractor in Negnevichi. This tractor was made in 1934, it has speed of 7 km/h and runs on kerosene.

In the middle of the 19th century, Negnevichi was the center of the volost (district) and had a population of 575. Serzhuk Emelianovich lives on the edge of the village. He is involved in gardening, beekeeping and art.

Serzhuk Emelianovich

Serzhuk Emelianovich:
I bought an alarm-clock, fixed it and renovated it. I liked its stroke. It became one of my interests. Alarm-clocks inspired me for painting.

Today Negnevichi has a status of an agricultural settlement. Its inhabitants don’t forget about the past. They are proud of the settlement and compose poems about it.