Liberation of Minsk in 1944

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Liberation of Minsk in 1944

During three years of WWII, Minsk suffered under the Nazis. The city was damaged and desecrated. Nevertheless, the citizens were undaunted. All the cultural and scientific institutions, theatres, museums – everything was destroyed and deliberately desecrated by the Nazi barbarians.

The German occupation lasted 1,100 days. In order to crush the German Army Group Centre, the Supreme High Command devised a plan of the Operation Bagration – the USSR’s largest summer military operation during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945).

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

In the morning on July 3, 1944, through a turning movement and aggressive attack, the front line tank force advanced on Minsk. With the help of the 1st Belarus Front that came from the southeast, the tank force retook Minsk.

At the same time, part of tank force of the 3rd Belarus Front progressed to the west. They cut off the Minsk highway in the northwest. After intense battles, on July 3, 1944, the Red Army liberated Minsk. The city was strategically important for Nazis’ defense on the west.  

The Red Soviet flag rose over Minsk once again. The citizens welcomed the liberators with flowers and music. Despite the fact that the city was in ruins, there was expression of happiness on people’s faces.

At 10 p.m. on the dot, the sky over Moscow was lit up by the orange-green and red fires of rockets. As many as 324 guns were fired 24 times. The liberation of Minsk was a red-letter day for all peoples of the Soviet Union.

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Фото. Освобождение Минска

Minsk citizens made a vow that they will rebuild the city from scratch.  

They fulfilled their vow.

It was decided to crown each section of the avenue with squares. They are: Nyezalyezhnastsi Square (Independence Square), Kastrychnitskaya Square (October Square), Pieramohi Square (Victory Square), Yakuba Kolasa Square, and Kalinina Square.